Lesson 2

Everybody Needs a Home

 

Lesson Overview:

By playing a bingo game, students will seek out animal homes on the school grounds and locate them on the school grounds map. They will discuss and compare their homes to those of the animals to gain a better understanding of animal adaptations.

 

Content Standards Addressed:
 
Common Core State Standards

 

Background:

Animals need homes for protection from predators, weather and as a safe place to raise young. However, not all animals have a "structure" to live in. While some animals build their own homes, others simply move into an already constructed home. Chipmunks can excavate intricate underground homes with a front and back door containing hallways, bathroom areas, pantries and bedrooms. They live in these throughout their entire lives.

During their breeding season, birds might build an intricate nest or carve a hole in a dead tree in which they lay their eggs and raise their young. But during the remainder of the year, they may hang out in thickets, snags or holes in trees to hide from a predator or escape the wind and cold.

Snakes don't have the tools for excavating holes in trees or the ground. They simply move into these uninvited.  White-tailed deer depend on camouflage and the cover of the forest or field to provide protection from predators and places to raise young.

Many spiders build amazing, prey-catching homes during the warm seasons, but they might need an old dead log to "bury" themselves under to survive winter. Many spiders and insects don't live through winter; they lay eggs in weather-tight egg cases that hatch in spring.

Some animals are amazing construction engineers rivaling anything humans can do. In fact, animals discovered many construction inventions before people. Wasps and hornets make paper by chewing wood and mixing it with their saliva to build study, multi-tiered, cardboard-like nests. The individual, hexagonal rooms defy explanation.

Some birds use mud or spider webs for glue and demonstrate amazing weaving abilities using just their bills. Having students attempt to build a bird nest provides an appreciation for birds' building skills.

Brainstorm with students the types of animal homes they might find (or have already found). Why do animals need homes? How are these animals homes similar to the students' homes? How are these animals homes similar to the students' homes? How are they different? Do all animals have homes?    

 


 




 

Procedure:

Reproducible: Animal Home Bingo Cards

Divide the class into pairs. Copy the bingo cards provided, so that each pair of students has a card. Each pair should also have a pencil or crayon. Review the pictures on the card prior to going outdoors to make sure that everyone understands the homes. Review the rules of bingo. (Decide whether homes found on previous outings will apply for this game.) Make a note of any additional animal homes the group finds, like hornet or wasp nests; ant hills; cocoons; egg cases.

Upon returning to the room, have students cut out the animal homes they found from their bingo cards and place them on the school ground map.

 

Reproducible: H-O-M-E-S Song Lyrics

The lyrics to this song can be copied, if desired. The children will enjoy singing, moving and/or marching to the music.

 



Logbook:

Human Impact: How can you help an animal by making a home for it? Draw a picture of the home you would make.

Take Home: Draw a picture of an animal home you found in your backyard or neighborhood.