Lesson 3

Home Safety

 

Lesson Goal:

To encourage awareness among participants of the dangers common in all homes.

 

Lesson Objectives:

  • Identify three potential dangers in each area of a home.
  • Describe what to do in common household danger situations.
  • Describe three ways to safeguard a house against potential dangers.

 

Content Standards Addressed:

Common Core State Standards

National Standards

 

Every room in the house has some type of potential danger zone. Dangers in the kitchen may be the stove or the drawer with sharp knives. The living room danger zone may be the fireplace or sharp objects on a table. Bathrooms may have cleaning products that can be harmful if swallowed or sprayed in someone's eye. Most of these dangers can be controlled when safety measures are observed.

Some of the most common safety concerns in the home include falls, poisonings, burns and choking.

This is also a good time to talk about safety phone numbers again. It is important that children know what to do if an accident does happen. The small pull-out card inside the I.D. kit booklet gives participants a place to write down important numbers such as the Poison Control Center, 911 or the local emergency number. Calling for help in home emergency situations is one of the most important things that can be done.

 

Some of the topics to discuss:

  • Pick up toys, so no one trips.
  • Inform an adult if toys are broken.
  • Stay away from and do not play with sharp objects, such as knives, pins, screwdrivers, saws, etc.
  • Do not stick things in electrical outlets.
  • Candles are not something for people to play with, because they can start fires.
  • Do not play with electrical tools.
  • Stay away from irons.
  • Beware of hot stoves and pots on the stovetop.
  • Do not play with household cleaning supplies because they can be poisonous. To prevent being poisoned, never eat or drink anything that is not given to you by an adult.
  • Make sure smoke alarms are working.
  • Medicine can be good and bad. It must only be taken when an adult you know gives it to you.
  • If medicine or cleaning products are left out, it is important to inform an adult so they can put it in the proper place.
  • The garage is also part of the house. There are many things in the garage that may be harmful: gardening equipment, tools for the yard, pesticides, oils, paints, etc.

 

Activities:

Classroom Safety Checklist 

1. Brainstorm ideas with children as to how to keep the classroom safe.

2. Some examples may include putting away toys, putting away scissors, etc.

3. Make your own classroom safety checklist. Assign jobs to each child to check off each day.

 

Reproducible: The Hazardous House

1. Make copies of the reproducible The Hazardous House Activity Sheet for every student.

2. Have the children circle all of the potential hazards in the house.

3. This may need to be done as a group because of the age of the participants.

4. Discuss why these things in the picture may be dangerous to people.

 

Journal Entry

1.  Have children keep a journal throughout the program. To keep parents involved in the program, have the children take it home after each lesson.

2.  A journal can be made by taking lined, 8 1/2" x 11" paper and stapling on a construction paper cover.

3.  Have students write a sentence after each lesson or draw a picture about what they learned.

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Resources:

Safety at Home By Lucia Raatma. Bridgestone Books, 1999.

This safety site is geared toward teachers and parents with concerns and questions about home safety and children.

A Disney site offering tips for children and parents.​​