Lesson 6

Fire Safety

 

Lesson Goal:

To encourage kids to participate in fire prevention strategies.

 

Lesson Objectives:

  • Describe three potential fire hazards.
  • Describe the three steps someone should follow if a person catches fire.
  • Describe the most important thing someone should do if a house catches on fire.

 

Content Standards Addressed: 

Common Core State Standards

National Standards

 

According to the United State Fire Administration, about 5,000 people die each year from fires (2003). Included in this statistic are children. Many of these deaths and injuries could have been prevented if proper fire safety steps were followed.

Deaths related to fires are not usually due to burns but the smoke that fires produce. In order to avoid smoke, stay as low to the ground as possible. It is important to inform children of this fact.

Children at this age, Pre-K through second grade, are especially interested in fire. Think of all of the fun things that are associated with fire as a child - fireworks, campfires, fireplaces and birthday candles.

 

Some of the most important points to teach young children about fire safety include:

1. Never play with matches. If matches are found, they should be given to an adult right away.

2. Know the potential hot places in the house:

  • Hot water from the shower.
  • The grill outside.
  • Heaters.
  • Fireplaces.
  • Ovens.
  • Irons.
  • Hot drinks.
  • Hair dryers.

3. If you should catch on fire, don't panic. Follow these three steps: Stop, drop and roll.

4. If you get a burn, run it under cool water.

5. Always plan a meeting place with your family in case of a fire in the home.

6. Do not try to take something with you if your house is on fire. Just get out. This is the most important thing you can do if your house is on fire.

7. It is safer to sleep with your door closed at night. Touch your door before you open it, if you suspect a fire.

8. If you are trapped inside a tall building, stand in front of a window, so someone can see you to rescue you. Do not hide!

9. If there is a lot of smoke, crawl to the nearest exit. Smoke is just as dangerous as fire, sometimes even more dangerous.

10. Have a smoke detector on each level of your home, and make sure each one works.

11. Do not ever hide if there is a fire, because the rescue team may not be able to find you.

 

Be prepared to discuss:

1. What if I cannot get my window open?

2. Will Mom and Dad (guardian) be mad if I break it?

3. Should I jump out the window?

4. How do I get my dog/cat out after I'm out? Reinforce GET OUT FAST - STAY OUT!

 

Activities:

Crawl Low Under the Smoke

A large sheet or parachute (as used in gym class) will be needed for this activity. The sheet will represent smoke to the children. As they crawl, they will move the sheet to simulate billowing smoke.

1. Each child should hold a part of the material.

2. The children holding the sheet/parachute will shake it up and down to make a wave like motion.

3. The children should take turns practicing crawling beneath the smoke/sheet. Each child should be allowed to practice crawling.

4. Explain to the children that it is important to take short breaths, so they don't inhale as much smoke.

 

Stop, Drop and Roll

1. Provide a copy of the Stop, Drop and Roll reproducible for each child.

2. Have each child pretend that they are on fire.

4. Have them practice stopping, dropping and then rolling on the ground.

 

Reproducible: Stop, Drop and Roll

 

Reproducible: Stop, Drop and Roll Poster 

 

Take a Field Trip

Tour a local fire department, or ask a firefighter to visit your group to talk about fire safety and their job.

 

Get Out of the House

The goal of the activity is to find the safest way out of the house.

1. Provide a copy of the Get Out of the House reproducible for each child.

2. Instruct the children to find the best/safest way out of the burning house.

 

Reproducible: Get Out of the House 

 

Find the Matches

1. Q-Tips and red paint are the supplies needed. Make as many matches as needed by dipping the Q-Tips in the red paint and letting them dry.

2. After the pretend matches have dried, place them throughout the classroom, meeting room, etc.

3. Tell the kids to find the matches. Have an incentive (pencil, fire safety color page, etc.) for the students who finds the most matches.

4. This activity reinforces the importance of children giving matches to an adult.

 

Note: The first full week of October is National Fire Prevention Week. These may be good activities to use and learn from throughout the week.

 

Leader's Fast Facts:

1. The Great Chicago Fire is rumored to have been started by a cow knocking over a lantern.

2. First firehouse pole: David B. Kenyon, Captain of Engine Company No. 21 of the Chicago Fire Department, was the inventor of the sliding pole in 1878.

3. Cooking is the leading cause of home fires.  ​