Lesson 5

Basic First Aid

 

Lesson Goal:

To enable participants to react timely and effectively when dealing with basic injuries.

 

Lesson Objectives:

  • Demonstrate how to effectively handle situations such as nosebleeds, falls, stings, poisonings, bleeding, frostbite and choking.
  • Know the importance of staying calm in emergency situations.

 

Content Standards Addressed:

Common Core State Standards

National Standards

 

Children at this age often get hurt - whether it is on the playground, at home or in the classroom.

This age group may also be starting to play more by themselves without adult supervision. And some may be "latchkey kids" (Latchkey kids are children that stay home alone after school.) Basic first aid will help children know how to act if an emergency situation occurs when an adult is not around.   

 

Activities:

Reproducible: Basic First Aid Chart

One of the most important things that can be done in any situation is to stay calm. Panicking can cause further harm. If you forget what to do in an emergency situation, call 911. 

 

Guest Speaker

1. Call the local Red Cross office and set up a day for your participants to learn first aid from a Red Cross instructor.

2. Ask the school nurse to give a lesson on basic first aid.

 

First-Aid Kit

1. Have kids brainstorm items needed for a first-aid kit. Some of the items that may be beneficial would include: triangle bandage, Band-Aids, gauze pads, roller bandage, adhesive tape, cotton swabs, liquid soap, rubbing alcohol, safety pins, tweezers, popsicle sticks, wrap bandage, plastic bag and cotton balls.

2. Encourage kids to make first-aid kits.

3. Keep a first aid kit for the classroom or donate one to a group in your community.

4. Have the kids draw items needed or cut pictures from magazines, catalogs and newspapers.

 

Expecting the Unexpected Scenarios

This activity describes certain scenarios that children may find themselves in and asks them to describe what should be done. Give each participant a copy of the reproducible, Basic First Aid Chart.

What should you do if...

Q. You smell gas?

A. Open windows and doors and get out of the house. Have your parents call the local gas company.

 

Q. The toast is stuck in the toaster and there is smoke rolling out of the toaster?

A. Immediately unplug the toaster. Do not use a metal fork if the appliance is plugged in. Use a plastic fork or wooden prongs to try and get the toast out.

 

Q. A ball hits you in the nose and it starts to bleed?

A. Sit down and lean forward so blood does not run down the throat. Pinch your nostrils together for 10 minutes or until the bleeding stops.

 

Q. Your wrist hurts badly after your fall?

A. Try not to move it too much and call your doctor.

 

Q. You have been playing outside with your friends for two hours in the snow and cannot feel your fingertips anymore?

A. Get inside and move your fingertips while running them under warm water.

 

Q. You and your friend are home alone having a snack and all of a sudden your friend starts to choke?

A. Perform the Heimlich maneuver on your friend if he/she motions that he/she cannot breath. If he/she can cough, tell him/her to continue coughing until the object becomes dislodged.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Reproducible: Is Your Home Safe?

This activity may be used as a homework assignment and include parents.

1. Make a copy of the reproducible Is Your Home Safe? for each participant.

2. Students should think about each room of their home and substances in those rooms that could be poisonous. (These may include plants, paint, medications, cosmetics, toiletries, cleaners, detergents, glue, fertilizers, etc.)

3. It is important to point out to participants that most materials are not harmful if used the correct way. For example: medicine is a good substance if taken at the right time and the right amount. If taken when someone is not sick or too much is taken, it becomes poisonous.

 

Leader's Fast Facts:

1. First aid can be given to animals.

2. The term "first aid" first appeared in 1878, created by executives of the St. John Ambulance Association as a blending of the terms "first treatment" and "National Aid".

 

Additional Resources:

The Kids Guide To First Aid: All About Bruises, Burns, Stings, Sprains, and Other Ouches. By Karen Buhler Gale. Williamson Publishing Company, 2002.

Kids to the Rescue! First Aid Techniques for Kids. By Maribeth Boelts, Darwin Boelts, and Marina Megale. Parenting Pr, 1992.

The American Red Cross website contains an interactive zone for kids to learn about first-aid basics.